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Toshi Ueshina: All Souls Procession
October 19 through November 27, 2012


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Brief descriptions of Aztec gods

  1. Citlalicue is a goddess who created the stars along with her husband, Citlalatonac. They are said to be associated with the first pair of humans in Aztec mythology called Nata and Nena.
  2. Tezcatlipoca was the central deity in the Aztec religion. His name, in Nahuatl language, is usually translated as “Smoking Mirror.” He is said to have black and yellow stripes painted across his face when depicted; sometimes, he was shown with mirror on his chest that smokes came out.
  3. Xipe Totec, who was god of agriculture, vegetation, the east, disease, spring, goldsmiths, silversmiths and the seasons, was a god who dies, and is resurrected again. The god is seen wearing flayed human skin, which were believed to have some kind of curative properties. He was also believed as the god who invented war.
  4. Tlazolteotl was a goddess of sin, vice, and sexual misdeeds, but also was a goddess of purification. She forgave the sins and the diseases that were caused by acts of misdeeds.
  5. Xolotl is said to be a god of fire and bad luck, as well as lightning and death. He was the dark personification of the evening star Venus, and is seen as a skeleton, a dog-headed man, or a monster animal with its feet reversed.
  6. Chantico is an Aztec goddess of fires in the family hearth and volcanoes, who was turned into a dog by Tonacatecuhtli. The goddess was turned into a dog because she ate paprika, which is a banned food in fast breaking customs, with roasted fish and broke a fast.
  7. Xochipilli was a young god of art, games, beauty, dancing, flowers, and song. He also is one of the gods that is responsible for agricultural produce and fertility, so is often associated gods like Cinteotl, god of maize, and Tlaloc, god of rain.
  8. Xiuhtecuhtli, god of fire, day, and heat, is the personification of life after death, and was the lord of volcanoes. He was also the patron god of the Aztec Emperors, and those emperors were regarded as Xiuhtecuhtli’s living embodiment at their enthronement.
  9. Huehuecoyotl (Ueuecoyotl) is the god who is a shape-shifter, and is associated with drums and coyote. He is known to be a trickster god of indulgence and pranks, but also was a dualistic god just like the other Aztec gods.  
  10. Teoyaomicqui, or Teoyaomiqui, was the god of the dead souls who are lost, or the god of dead warriors. He was a solar deity as well, and was the god of the Sixth Hour of the day.
  11. Yacatecuhtli whose symbol is bundle of staves, was a guardian god for commerce and merchant travelers in the Aztec mythology. His name can also be written as Yiacatecuhtli.
  12. Coatlicue is a Aztec goddess said to be the “Mother of Gods”, who is represented as a women with a skirt of writhing snakes and a necklace made of human parts like hearts, hands, and skulls. She is referred by several different names, including “Goddess of Fire and Fertility” and “Goddess of Life, Death, and Rebirth.”
  13. Itztlacoliuhqui is the god of frost, stone and coldness. This god was once called Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, the lord of dawn. When the sun god Tonatiuh demanded the other gods obedience and sacrifice, Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli became enraged, and shot arrows at the sun. But the arrow missed, was thrown back, and pierced through the head of Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli. From then, Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli became Itztlacoliuhqui.
  14. Ītzpāpālōtl was a goddess who was the Queen of Tamoanchan, paradise world for the victims of infant mortality, that was said to be the place where humans were created.
    It is said that this goddess can appear in the form of a beautiful and seductive woman as well as a goddess with skeletal head and butterfly wings that is supplied with stone blades.
  15. Cipactonal is the Aztec god of astrology and calendars. This god, along with Oxomoco, were in charge of the calendar. They were also said to be the first human couple, and is the Aztec comparison of Adam and Eve. Their son Piltzin-tecuhtli married the daughter of Xochiquetzal.